The study analyzes the value of religion in the Russian foreign policy, focusing on the constructive factors behind this role and the church’s manipulative activities outside Russia. This kind of religious diplomacy is interpreted and reconceptualized in order to mention the Russian agendas towards Syria. The study explores the dynamics of Russian Policy in Syria by analyzing the statements, data and news of the Russian Orthodox Church, as well as the Russian officials. It is also concerned with the role of Church which is not only restricted to the use of religion as a foreign policy tool, but also as an influential actor within a range of other moving dynamics within the Russian politics. Therefore, the study provides a summary of this relationship between the Church and Russian politics along three phases of the Russian history.